Stockholm University professor Peter Kuri and Master’s student Didak Paskual have conducted a series of experiments at the TSU research station Aktru in the Altai Mountains. The soil scientists made a sampling in the areas where the highland permafrost lies in order to evaluate the carbon stock, which is one of the main constituents of greenhouse gases in frozen soils.
The project is in the framework of INTERACT 2, the international research and monitoring programme in the Arctic, which includes three stations of Tomsk State University: Aktru, Kaybasovo, and Khanymey.
It is especially important that there are organic substances in the samples of frozen soils, because this will allow scientists to conduct dating and accurately determine the formation time. Also, researchers are planning to estimate the carbon concentration in permafrost to predict the climate changes that will occur if it melts and releases carbon into the atmosphere.
The results of these studies will help take another step in understanding the contribution that carbon emissions from high-mountain regions make to climate warming.