The staff of TSU Bio-Geo-Clim laboratory and colleagues from St. Petersburg and Novosibirsk are studying the dark coniferous taiga - a territory with amazing biodiversity, which is called the Siberian jungle. Its features are the presence of a whole complex of heat-loving relict species of flora, the gigantism of plants, and an extremely fast cycle of substances in the ecosystem. The joint research is aimed at finding out the reasons why grasses in the dark coniferous taiga grow to the size of shrubs, and shrubs, in turn, sometimes exceed the height of trees in an ordinary forest.
Along with this, the Siberian jungle has a phenomenally fast turnover of nutrients and the maximum biological productivity of plants, although the soil in these places is very poor. During the season, herbaceous vegetation, wilted in autumn, despite its large volume, has time to completely decompose. The nutrients released in this process are quickly absorbed by perennial rhizomes of tall grasses and ephemeroid plants.
Studies of samples collected by scientists from the Bio-Geo-Clim laboratory in Siberia will help to quantitatively describe the contribution of two hypotheses to the formation of gigantism in herbaceous plants. The study and isolation of the microbiota of the rhizospheres of tall plants may lead to technology for the targeted cultivation of microorganisms that improve plant growth. This is essential for the development of effective agricultural practices.
It has already been shown that the microbiota of the dark coniferous taiga synthesizes about a hundred previously undescribed active natural compounds. Therefore, scientists emphasize the need for an in-depth study of the dark coniferous taiga and active preservation and protection of the soil of the Siberian jungle. Degradation of this rarest natural resource will have irreversible negative consequences, in which the restoration of a unique ecosystem may be impossible.