The TSU Research Institute of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics and their colleagues from the Federal Research and Production Center “Altai” and the State Research Center of the Russian Federation “Trinity” are working on creating a new, powerful magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) generator for electrical exploration of oil fields on land and offshore in the Arctic. For the first time, the modernized installation will not use rocket fuel, but instead pyrotechnic fuel, which will make the work process many times more environmentally friendly and much less costly.
Traditionally, MHD generators operate on the combustion products of solid metalized plasma, forming fuel that is similar to rocket fuel. Alkali metals are one of its important components. Previously, for example, cesium was often used. Now developers are trying to use less harmful ingredients. The tasks of the joint scientific group include creating a new autonomous high-power energy source (17 megawatts) with a small volume and weight, reducing the cost of fuel and the volume of harmful emissions in comparison with existing installations.
According to Vladimir Butov, the scheme of an MHD generator operating on pyrotechnic fuel will be more complicated. A two-stage combustion chamber is required to extract the maximum energy from metal when burning it. Currently, work is underway to create a virtual model of the installation. All test work will be carried out on it, including testing fuel with different components to select the optimal composition.
By the end of 2020, scientists will carry out all the work on simulating the installation and testing its functionality. At the beginning of 2021, the developers will move to the level of the conceptual design of a new pulsed MHD generator necessary to search for offshore oil.
The sedimentary basins of the Russian Arctic shelf are comparable to the largest oil and gas regions in the world in total oil and gas potential. The hydrocarbon resources in the Arctic seas of Russia are estimated at tens of billions of tons of oil equivalent. The efficiency of raw material extraction will directly depend on the level of new technologies created by Russian scientis