TSU, St. Petersburg State University, the Northern (Arctic) Federal University, and a number of leading scientific centers of the Russian Federation will unite in a consortium to study environmental changes in the Arctic and the impact of these transformations on residents of the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug. The initiative for the network project was put forward by the government of the region. The data obtained will help to more effectively build medical and preventive work with the population.
For example, reindeer herders point out that winters in recent years are less severe, temperature drops from -30 or -40 ° C to -10 or -15 ° C are more frequent. There are more days with a strong snow blizzard, which is a big minus for nomadic people - there are often lost deer, and people have to look for them in the tundra, wasting time and effort.
Environmental changes affect not only economic and social life, but they also affect the emotional state and the health of those who permanently or temporarily, like shift workers, live in the Arctic. Scientists will find out what the impact is, how it is caused, what the risk factors are, and how to minimize their harmful effects. The participants of the network project will be universities (TSU, St. Petersburg State University, Tyumen State University, MIPT, and SFU), Federal Research Center for the Integrated Study of the Arctic, Medical Prevention Center YNAO, and local authorities. The network will be coordinated by the Arctic Research Center (Nadym).
Terry Callaghan, an outstanding researcher, winner of the Nobel Peace Prize for studying climate change issues as part of an international group of experts, was invited to the consortium as an expert at TSU and Sheffield University.
According to Olga Shaduyko, the overall concept of the network project was discussed at the seminar that was held March 3 in Nadym. Comprehensive studies will include the study of environmental transformations and the impact of these processes on the traditional economy and human health. One of the results of the project should be the creation of an IT system capable of automatically analyzing the information collected by scientists, generating reports on the questionnaires of the residents of the YNAO and structuring this data, based on the task to be solved.